Notes

Scales

A scale is a series of pitches arranged in order of whole tone, semitone and other intervals. It can be simply understood as multiple notes that are arranged from low to high and from high to low according to a certain interval relationship, which is the scale.

There are many scales. Here I just introduce several basic scales: major scales, natural minor scales, harmonic minor scales, melodic minor scales, lonian scales, Dorian scales, Phrygian scales, Lydian scales, Mixolydian scales, Aeolian scales and Locrian scales.

Major Scales

A major scale is arranged with the rule: full, full, half, full, full, full, half. A C major scale contains: C, D, E, F, G, A, B.

Natural Minor Scale

A natural minor scale is arranged with the rule: full, half, full, full, half, full, full. An A natural minor scale contains: A, B, C, D, E, F, G.

Notice that major scales and natural minor scales have a relationship shown as the figure below:

The cirlce of fifths is useful for understanding major scales and natural minor scales.

Harmonic Minor Scale

A harmonic minor scale is nearly the same with the natural minor scale except lifting the sixth pitch in the scale. A harmonic minor scale is arranged with the rule: full, half, full, full, half, full, half. There is such a long distance between the fifth and sixth pitches in a harmonic minor scale, sometimes it might sound a little bit wierd.

Melodic Minor Scale

A harmonic minor scale is arranged with the rule: full, half, full, full, full, full, half. A melodic minor scale on C contains C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B.

lonian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian scales

Ionian Scale on C: C, D, E, F, G, A, B

Dorian Scale on D: D, E, F, G, A, B, C

Phrygian Scale on E: E, F, G, A, B, C, D

Lydian Scale on F: F, G, A, B, C, D, E

Mixolydian Scale on G: G, A, B, C, D, E, F

Aeolian Scale on A: A, B, C, D, E, F, G

Locrian Scale on B: B, C, D, E, F, G, A

Summary

The scales on C can be summarized as the photo below.

Summary for Scales

Kathleen Li

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注