There are 5 essays here:
- Abraham and Religious Faith – Review of Fear and Trembling Written by Kierkgeaard
- Authenticity, das Man, and Ethics -Review of Being and Time Written by Heidegger
- Hell is Other People – Review of No Exit Written by Sartre
- Absurdity and Attitude Towards to Absurdity – Review of The Myth of Sisyphus Written by Camus
- Plato and Aristotle Views of Politics – Comparison of Plato and Aristotle
Abraham and Religious Faith – Review of Fear and Trembling Written by Kierkgeaard
Søren Kierkegaard (1813—1855), is a Danish philosopher and religious thinker who is often called the “father of existentialism” though this movement refers specifically to philosophers and literati of the 20th century. His “authorship” consist of a variety of different writings that are hard to classify usually have a very high literary character and emulate Plato and Lessing in irony, wit and humor.
Kierkegaard is influenced by many philosophers such as Plato and Augustine, but more directly he is a critic of Kant, Hegel, and German Romanticism. He is well known for his analysis and use of philosophical and religious concepts such anxiety, despair, melancholy, repetition, inwardness, irony, seduction, the demonic, and indirect communication.
Authenticity, das Man, and Ethics -Review of Being and Time Written by Heidegger
Martin Heidegger (1889–1976) is a German philosopher who is widely considered to be the greatest philosopher of the twentieth century. His philosophy is often associated with both phenomenology and existentialism with respect to method and content. Heidegger wrote extensively but is probably most famous for his seminal Being and Time.
Being and Time starts out with the Seinfrage – the question of Being – that is what is the Being if beings mean. Heidegger though goes on to argue that that in order to answer this question we have to investigate the being that questions the Being of being – Dasein – or the being that we are. He then does an “existential analytic” of Dasein, layout the ontological constituents of the kind of being that his Dasein.
Hell is Other People – Review of No Exit Written by Sartre
Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980), one of the most important French philosophers in the 20th century, the main representative of French atheist existentialism, western socialism and one of the most active advocates. He refused to accept any awards in his life, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1964. In all post-war struggles, they have stood on the side of justice, expressed sympathy for all kinds of deprived of rights, and opposed the Cold War. He is also an excellent writer, dramatist, critic and social activist.
His life was magnificent, he participated in the anti-fascist struggle, supported the French revolutionary mass movement, stood up to protect the “People’s Cause”, and made honest remarks in the war of aggression against Korea, Vietnam, and Algeria. Sartre is perhaps the philosopher most closely associated with “extentialism”.
Plato and Aristotle Views of Politics – Comparison of Plato and Aristotle
Plato (4th century) lived in Athens, Greece. Plato is one of the greatest and most influential Greek philosophers and philosophers ever. He is the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His relative works were wrote in dialogue form so it is difficult to know exactly what he argued for, but thought philosophy happened in conversation.
Alfred North Whitehead wrote, “the safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” (Process and Reality, 39).
Aristotle (384-322 BCE) is considered to be one of the greatest philosophers in Western civilization. He is perhaps the first scientist and Aristotelianism was science for centuries until the rise of early modern science in the 16th century. Though the most famous student, he differed philosophically from his teacher Plato and eventually founded the school Lyceum and his students were known as the peripatetic school (because Aristotle walked around when he lectured). He is also noted as the tutor of Alexander the Great.